What is CBG? The Hemp plant has more than 110 cannabinoid compounds and CBG or Cannabigerol in one of them. It`s another non-psychoactive cannabinoid, just like CBD, which engages with CB1 and CB2 receptors within our endocannabinoid system (ECS).
CBG is the first cannabinoid to be formed in the young hemp plant. All the other cannabinoids are created after. Everything starts from cannabigerol acid (CBGA) and then the enzymes gradually break down the molecule to create new ones such as THCA (tetrahydrocannabinolic acid) and CBDA (cannabinolic acid). These acids then break down into CBD or THC.
During growth, CBG is normally about 1% or less in hemp. We still know only a little about CBG due to its low concentration in harvested hemp plants. Nevertheless, it is possible that its action, combined with other cannabinoids, including CBD, can explain the power of the synergy of the molecules of cannabis.
What is the difference between CBD and CBG?
These cannabinoids both have health benefits, but they help you in different ways. To understand the difference first we have to talk about the endocannabinoid system. Cannabinoids influence our health by engaging with a series of receptors within the endocannabinoid system (ECS). There are two known types of cannabinoid receptors, CB1 and CB2. CB1 works in the brain, nerves and spinal cord and CB2 influences the immune system.
CBD does not attach to the CB1 and CB2 receptors like most other cannabinoids. It will stimulate an enzyme called FAAH which is responsible for the production of endocannabinoids in the body. In case of deficiency or overproduction, it acts as a regulator. Whereas, CBG will act as a partial agonist of the CB1 and CB2 receptors. So it activates these receptors. Therefore, CBD and CBG have a different interaction with the ECS that provide unique benefits. The combination of both these non- psychoactive cannabinoids may open a field of possibilities and optimize their assimilation by the body.
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